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Arctic Domus team member Ilse Kamerling publishes article in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

Arctic Domus team member Ilse Kamerling publishes article in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
22 November 2016 - 22 February 2017

Arctic Domus team member Isle Kamerling published an open-access article in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. Article details are below and you can find the full text here.

Title: High-resolution palynology reveals the land use history of a Sami renvall in northern Sweden

Authors: Ilse M. Kamerling, J. Edward Schofield, Kevin J. Edwards, Kjell-Ake Aronsson

Abstract: The limited availability of historical and archaeological evidence means that much is still unknown about the development of Sami reindeer herding in Fennoscandia in both the recent and more distant past. To address this problem, high-resolution palynological analyses, 14C and 210Pb dating were undertaken on two adjacent (25 m apart) peat profiles collected at a recently abandoned reindeer gathering pen (renvall) near Jokkmokk (*66.6N, 19.8E) in the boreal forest of northern Sweden. The aim was to assess the impact of Sami reindeer herding on the local environment through a study of pollen, coprophilous fungal spores, microscopic charcoal and sedimentology. The samples collected from within an annex to the renvall indicate cycles of use and abandonment of the pen on a multi-decadal timescale between *AD 1800–2008, most obviously in the coprophilous fungal spore archive. The pattern and timing of these cycles confirm events previously known only from oral histories. Although the local pollen assemblage zones associated with the phasing of activity were reproducible in a second peat core beyond the boundary of the renvall, the coprophilous fungal spore signal in this paired profile was much less distinctive, possibly due to the typically shorter dispersal distances for these microfossils in comparison to pollen grains.

AbstractThelimitedavailabilityofhistoricaland
archaeol ogicalevidencemeansthatmuchisstillunknown
aboutthedevelopmentofSamireindeerherdingin
Fennoscandiainboththerecentandmoredistantpast.To
addressthisproblem,high-resolutionpalynologicalanaly-
ses,
14
Cand
210
Pbdatingwereundertakenontwoadjacent
(25mapart)peatprolescollectedatarecentlyaban-
donedreindeergatheringpen(renva ll)nearJokkmokk
(*66.6N,19.8E)intheborealforestofnorthernSweden.
TheaimwastoassesstheimpactofSamireindeerherding
onthelocalenvironmentthroughastudyofpollen,
coprophilousfungalspores,microscopiccharcoaland
sedimentology.Thesamplescollectedfromwithinan
annextotherenvallindicatecyclesofuseandabandon-
mentofthepenonamulti-decadaltimescalebetween*
AD
1800–2008,mostobviouslyinthecoprophilousfungal
sporearchive .Thepatternandtimingofthesecycles
conrmeventsprevious lyknownonlyfromoralhistories.
Althoughthelocalpollenassemblagezonesassociated
withthephasingofactivitywerereproducibleinasecond
peatcorebeyondtheboundaryoftherenvall,thecopro-
philousfungalsporesignalinthispairedprolewasmuch
lessdistinctive,possiblyduetothetypicallyshorterdis-
persaldistancesforthesemicrofossilsincomparisonto
pollengrains.

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